For the past several decades, prior to being banned or phased out in Europe, Canada and the United States, polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) were used as flame retardants (FRs) in a host of products. Since they are not chemically bound to plastics, foam, fabrics, and other materials to which they were added, PBDEs can migrate from products into our indoor and outdoor environments. This, in turn, can result in direct human exposure to these substances as well as contamination of soils, wastewater, waterbodies, biota, and food supplies. Epidemiological evidence has found associations between PBDE exposure and altered concentrations of thyroid hormones, decreased fertility in adults, and lowered IQ in children.
The Great Lakes PBDE Reduction Project was undertaken between 2011 and 2013 to:
The activities undertaken as part of this project have been to:
Project findings/recommendations include:
Anna Soehl, Great Lakes Commission
Miriam Diamond, Ph.D. & Golnoush Abbasi, University of Toronto
Michael Murray, Ph.D., National Wildlife Federation
The findings and recommendations presented here have been prepared by the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views or policy positions of the organizations and institutions which they represent or those of the Project Advisory Committee Members and their respective agencies, organizations, or companies.
Project funded by: